Monday , 17 December 2018

History of Hyderabad

HYDERABAD is the capital and the most populous city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Hyderabad has a population of over 4 million. It is known as the “City of Pearls” and the “City of Nizams “.

The city has been classified as an A-1 city in terms of development priorities, due to its size, population and impact.

Hyderabad has developed into a major hub for the information technology industry in India. The city is home to the world’s largest film studio, the Ramoji Film City as well as the Telugu Film Industry, the second-largest in India, known popularly as Tollywood. It is also a sporting destination with numerous sporting venues and stadia. Various national and international games are conducted here, and the city is the home of the Deccan Chargers, Indian Premier League team.

Residents of Hyderabad are called Hyderabadis. The city is regarded as a blend of traditionalism with modernity.

Hyderabad has an average elevation of about 489 meters above sea level (1,607 ft). Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly. Crops are commonly grown in the surrounding paddy fields.

The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Now known as the historic Old City, home to the Charminar and Mecca Masjid, it lies on the southern bank of the river. The heart of the city saw a shift to the north of the river, with the construction of many government buildings and landmarks there, especially south of the Hussain Sagar lake. The rapid growth of the city, along with the merging of Secunderabad, 12 municipal circles and the Cantonment has resulted in a large, united and populous area. Still so many villages near by are getting a facelift to merge in the twin cities in the near future.

History

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, a ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, was the founder of Hyderabad City. In the year 1591, when the Moon was in the constellation of Leo, Jupiter in its own abode and all celestial planets favourably placed, he laid the foundation of a new city which he called Bhagyanagar after his beloved queen ‘Bhagmati’. Bhagmati embraced Islam and took the name Hyder Mahal and consequently Bhagynagar was renamed Hyderabad after her.

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Geography

Situated on the Deccan Plateau, Hyderabad has an average elevation of about 489 meters above sea level (1,607 ft). Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly. Crops are commonly grown in the surrounding paddy fields.

The original city of Hyderabad was founded on the banks of river Musi. Now known as the historic Old City, home to the Charminar and Mecca Masjid, it lies on the southern bank of the river. The heart of the city saw a shift to the north of the river, with the construction of many government buildings and landmarks there, especially south of the Hussain Sagar lake. The rapid growth of the city, along with the merging of Secunderabad , 12 municipal circles and the Cantonment has resulted in a large, united and populous area. Still so many villages near by are getting a facelift to merge in the twin cities in the near future.

Climate

Hyderabad has a tropical savanna climate with hot summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late June to early October and a pleasant winter from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings the climate is generally cooler because of the city’s good elevation. Hyderabad gets about 32 inches (about 810 mm) of rain every year, almost all of it concentrated in the monsoon months. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.5 o C (113.9 °F) on 2 June 1966, while the lowest recorded temperature was 6.1 o C (43 °F) on 8 January 1946.

Demographics

The city’s population in 2001 was 3.6 million and it has reached over 4.0 million by 2009 making it among the most populated cities in India, while the population of the metropolitan area was estimated above 6.3 million. Muslims constitute about 40% of the population, making Hyderabad’s Muslim community the largest in Andhra Pradesh. Muslims have substantial presence across the city and are predominant in and around Old City. Christians constitute a small amount of the city’s population. Churches are located across the city and the popular ones are in Abids and Secunderabad areas.

Telugu and Urdu are the principal languages spoken in the city. English has a strong presence among the educated people.

Urdu spoken here is also unique, with influences of Turkish and Farsi, giving rise to a dialect sometimes called Hyderabadi Urdu or Deccani . The official language, Telugu, varies a little across the state but the core language remains the same. Some education is conducted in English and Hindi.

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