Adilabad was located between 77.46′ and 80.01′ ,of the eastern longitudes and 18.40′ and 19.56′, of northern latitudes. The district is bounded on north by Yeotmal and Chanda district of Maharastra, on the east by Chanda district, on the south by Karimnagar and Nizamabad districts and on the west by Nanded district of Maharastra State.
The district has population of 2079098 which accounts for 3.13% of the total population of the State. It is however takes the fifth rank in area with an extent of 16128 SU. kms., Which account for 5.90% of the total area of the State. It is however, the second largest district in the Telangana of the inhabited and 167 uninhabited village and 11 Towns.
The District Comprises of 52 Mandals and 1743 villages of which 1557 villages are inhabited and 186 villages are un-inhabitated. There are 7 Muncipalities in the District. The District is conveniently formed into 5 divisions; 1.Adilabad, 2.Nirmal, 3.Utnoor, 4.Asifabad 5.Mancherial.
Adilabad originates its name from the former ruler of Bijapur, Mohammed Adil Shah. During Rashtrakuta regime, this town/village was known as Edlawada which means “land of Oxen” It was created out of a sub-district named Sirpur – Tandur in 1905.
Historically, Adilabad has been home to a variety of cultures. Remaining to its position at the border of central and southern India, it has been ruled by North Indian dynasties like the Mughals and the Mauryas and South Indian dynasties like the Satavahanas and the Chalukyas. The current culture of the district incorporates significant elements of the neighboring Marathi culture into the native Telugu culture.
As of 2001 India census, Adilabad had a population of 108,233. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Adilabad has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Telugu is the administrative language, and is also widely spoken. The other languages spoken are Urdu, Hindi, Kannada and Marathi. The town has a predominant Hindu population with a considerable Muslim population.